Using nanomaterials to modify the electrochemical electrode is an effective method to improve the electrochemical-sensing performance. There is no doubt that adsorption capability plays a significant role in electrochemical detection.
However, most previous works only focused on enhancing the electrochemical-sensing performance via increasing the adsorption capability while ignoring the interaction mechanism between active sites and analyte. The mechanism remains unclear—particularly the difference in effect on electron transfer and catalysis between physical and chemical interactions. This heavily limits the development of electrochemical sensing.
In a paper published in Chemical Communications(http://pubs.rsc.org/en/journals/journalissues/cc), the research group jointly led by Prof. HUANG Xingjiu from Institute of Intelligent Machines (IIM), Hefei Institutes of Physical Science, prepared Mn-MoS2 Nanosheets for ultrasensitive electrochemical detection of heavy metal ions. Researchers found for the first time that chemical interactions between Pb(II) and actived S atoms in Mn-MoS2 facilitated the electron transfer and in situ catalytic redox reactions.
They reported an ultrahigh Pb(II) electrochemical sensing via Mn-mediated MoS2 nanosheets. The chemical interaction between Pb(II) and S atoms was caused by defect- and phase-engineering, which were significant factors. The EXAFS results demonstrated that single Mn atoms were successfully doped into the MoS2 nanosheets via substitution of Mo sites.
A new phase, 1T-MoS2, emerged after Mn-mediating in pure 2H-MoS2. The heteroatom Mn could destabilize the lattice and introduce S vacancy defects, accompanied by an S plane that might glide due to the electron-donating nature of Mn. The rich S vacancy and distinct 1T-phase-embedding made Mn-MoS2 have good electronic properties.
Due to the stimulated activity of S atoms, chemical interactions (Pb？S bonding) were found between Pb(II) and Mn-MoS2, which suggested that the stronger chemical effects facilitated the electron transfer and significantly promoted in situ reduction and re-oxidation relative to the weak physical adsorption interactions.
These findings stimulate new opportunities for enhancing the electrochemical sensitivity and for investigating the atomic-level electrochemical behavior by defect- and phase-engineering.
Fig. 1 The influence of physical and chemical interaction on electron transfer
Title: Defect- and phase-engineering of Mn-mediated MoS2 nanosheets for ultrahigh electrochemical sensing of heavy metal ions: chemical interaction-driven in situ catalytic redox reactions
Keywords: chemical interaction; vacancy; electrochemical detection; MoS2 nanosheets; in situ catalysis
Prof. HUANG Xingjiu, Ph. D
Institute of Intelligent Machines, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031, China